GRA
Posts: 11957
Joined: Mon Sep 19, 2011 1:49 pm
Location: East side of San Francisco Bay

Re: AFV Truck/Commercial Vehicle and (non-BEV) Bus thread

Tue Feb 04, 2020 6:41 pm

GCC:
US DOE and US Army issue solicitation to develop H2Rescue fuel-cell/battery hybrid truck
https://www.greencarcongress.com/2020/0 ... escue.html

An interagency collaboration between the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the Department of Defense (DoD) will support an opportunity to address disaster mitigation through the use of an advanced fuel truck technology concept known as H2Rescue. (Earlier post.)

The H2Rescue is a fuel cell/battery hybrid truck that first responders and the military can drive to disaster mitigation sites. It can provide sufficient hydrogen to provide power, heat, and even potable water for up to 72 hours.

This vehicle is to be a Class 5 or Class 6 truck, heavy-duty vocational vehicle. The envisioned fuel-cell/battery-powered hybrid emergency relief truck is to use a low temperature PEM fuel-cell/battery hybrid system to provide continuous electric power to meet emergency needs.

The truck is to operate on hydrogen fuel at pressures of either 350 bar (5,000 psi) or 700 bar (10,000 psi) with the ability to store enough hydrogen onboard to ensure the truck is capable of traveling 180 miles round trip to and from its emergency relief destination and then providing nominally 25kW of exportable power, at times sustained up to 72 hours.

Other advanced storage technologies may be envisioned in the future (e.g. cryo-compressed tanks and hydrogen carriers) but this FOA is limited to commercially available and road-certified compressed gaseous hydrogen storage tanks. The awardee will retain ownership of the vehicle at the end of the period of performance.

The solicitation (W81EWF20FOA0001) to support this opportunity can provide up to nearly $1 million in federal funds and requires an equal match of industry contributions.

The US Army Corps is leading the solicitation, which includes support from DOE’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy’s Fuel Cell Technologies Office and Vehicle Technologies Office, as well as DoD’s Army Combat Capabilities Development Command Ground Vehicle Systems Center. . . .
Guy [I have lots of experience designing/selling off-grid AE systems, some using EVs but don't own one. Local trips are by foot, bike and/or rapid transit].

The 'best' is the enemy of 'good enough'. Copper shot, not Silver bullets.

GRA
Posts: 11957
Joined: Mon Sep 19, 2011 1:49 pm
Location: East side of San Francisco Bay

Re: AFV Truck/Commercial Vehicle and (non-BEV) Bus thread

Fri Feb 07, 2020 5:43 pm

GCC:
Alstom signs first contract for battery-electric regional trains in Germany
https://www.greencarcongress.com/2020/0 ... lstom.html


Alstom will manufacture, deliver and maintain until 2032 eleven Coradia Continental battery-electric trains for regional traffic on the Leipzig-Chemnitz route on behalf of VMS (Verkehrsverbund Mittelsachsen) and with the support of ZVNL (Zweckverband für den Nahverkehrsraum Leipzig), the two authorities responsible for this line.

The contract is worth approximately €100 million. Following this order, Alstom offers all types of traction systems on the market as well as the full range of emission-free drives, from efficient electric motors to hydrogen fuel cells and advanced battery traction.

Alstom has signed two contracts for hydrogen-fuel-cell-powered trains. The first one is for 14 trains in the German region of Lower Saxony. (Earlier post.) The second one, also in Germany, for 27 trains to the Frankfurt metropolitan area.

In 2014, Alstom had previously signed a contract with VMS for the delivery of 29 Coradia Continental electric regional trains (EMU). In order to bridge the 80 kilometers of non-electrified line between the cities of Chemnitz and Leipzig, the authority requested a battery-electric version (BEMU).

The new trains will enter service in 2023. . . .

The Coradia Continental BEMU trains will be similar to those already in service on the Dresden, Riesa and Zwickau routes. The main difference: they will also have high-performance batteries on the roof. The train, based on the proven Coradia Continental, builds on Alstom’s long experience in battery traction, gained with the Coradia iLint, Citadis trams and the Prima H3 locomotive.

The Coradia Continental BEMU has a range of up to 120 kilometers and can be operated under catenary as well as on non-electrified sections. The three-car-trains will be 56 meters long and equipped with 150 seats. They will have a top speed of 160 km/h in battery mode. The capacity of the batteries (high-power lithium-ion) is calculated to ensure catenary-free operation of the line Chemnitz-Leipzig without any sacrifice in performance or comfort.

Alstom’s Coradia range allows operators and transport authorities to offer their passengers regional trains that meet their needs and expectations, while demonstrating exemplary reliability and cost-effectiveness. Alstom has tailored the Coradia range to operate with all available emission-free power systems, from electric to battery-electric and hydrogen fuel cells.

The latter, the Coradia iLint, powered by fuel cells and offering performance comparable to a diesel train while emitting nothing but water, has been in passenger service in Germany for more than a year.


Also GCC:
IVECO, FPT and Nikola Motor Company announce future Nikola TRE production in Ulm, Germany
https://www.greencarcongress.com/2020/0 ... ikola.html

. . . This strategic and exclusive heavy-duty truck partnership saw CNH Industrial taking a $250-million stake in Nikola as the lead Series D investor. (Earlier post.) The partnership announcement at the CNH Industrial Capital Markets Day in September 2019 was quickly followed in December with the unveiling of the Nikola TRE, a battery electric vehicle (BEV) heavy duty truck, which is the first step towards the fuel-cell electric (FCEV) model. . . .

Furthermore, the German Federal Government recently released its draft National Hydrogen Strategy, which has the aim of expanding the pioneering role of companies in hydrogen technologies. In this strategy, it commits a total of €2 billion to fund the hydrogen innovation program, including the development of the necessary distribution infrastructure.

In the first stage of the project, €40 million will be invested by the joint-venture company to upgrade the manufacturing facility, which will focus on final assembly of the vehicle. Start of production is anticipated within the first quarter of 2021, with deliveries of the Nikola TRE beginning in the same year.

The first models to enter production will be the battery-electric 4x2 and 6x2 articulated trucks with modular and scalable batteries with a capacity of up to 720 kWh and an electric powertrain that delivers up to 480 kW of continuous power output. . . .

Fuel-cell electric versions, built on the same platform, will be tested in the European Union-supported H2-Haul program during 2021 for an expected market launch in 2023. . . .

ElringKlinger fuel cell stacks exceeded expectations in EU-funded GiantLeap; trailer-attached hydrogen range extender for electric buses
https://www.greencarcongress.com/2020/0 ... inger.html


Within the scope of EU-funded GiantLeap project, Bosch Engineering GmbH, together with VDL Enabling Transport Solutions b.v. and their partners, designed and built a fuel cell range extender system for battery-electric buses. The system is contained in a specially designed trailer to be attached to the tow hitch of any suited electric bus. . . .
Guy [I have lots of experience designing/selling off-grid AE systems, some using EVs but don't own one. Local trips are by foot, bike and/or rapid transit].

The 'best' is the enemy of 'good enough'. Copper shot, not Silver bullets.

GRA
Posts: 11957
Joined: Mon Sep 19, 2011 1:49 pm
Location: East side of San Francisco Bay

Re: AFV Truck/Commercial Vehicle and (non-BEV) Bus thread

Tue Feb 11, 2020 7:35 pm

GCC:
Williams Advanced Engineering developing battery system for Anglo American’s hydrogen-powered mine haul truck
https://www.greencarcongress.com/2020/0 ... waeaa.html

Global mining company, Anglo American, has engaged Williams Advanced Engineering (WAE) to develop its new Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV): a 290-tonne electrically powered mining haul truck, which is set to be the world’s largest electrified vehicle. . . .

The FCEV haul truck will be powered by a hydrogen Fuel Cell Module (provided by Ballard, earlier post) paired with a WAE scalable high-power modular lithium-ion battery system.

This arrangement, which replaces the existing vehicle’s diesel engine, is controlled by a high voltage power distribution unit delivering in excess of 1,000 kWh of energy storage.

Offering significant peak power capability, it will also deliver the robustness seen in industrial diesel engines for harsh environments. The power units will be designed and built at WAE, in Grove, Oxfordshire, and integrated into an existing mining haul truck, with testing taking place later this year at the Mogalakwena platinum group metals mining operation in South Africa, Anglo American’s flagship PGMs mine.

Through regenerative braking, the battery system will be capable of recovering energy as the haul truck travels downhill. . . .


IEVS:
Chronopost Orders 420 Volkswagen e-Crafter
https://insideevs.com/news/397984/chron ... e-crafter/

Chronopost is going electric in France with hundreds of Volkswagen e-Crafter.
Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles this month scored so far the largest single order for its all-electric Volkswagen e-Crafter - 420 units will be delivered within two years to Chronopost, the French express shipping and delivery service (part of La Poste).

The e-Crafter was selected after extensive tests, but it's still a little surprising that it beat the French Renault Master Z.E. Moreover, a few months ago, the company ordered Voltia delivery vans (Nissan e-NV200 with an enlarged body). . . .

Volkswagen e-Crafter specs:

  • range of up to 160 km (100 miles); 115 km (71.47 miles) WLTP
    35.8 kWh battery (shared with e-Golf)
    top speed of 90 km/h (56 mph)
    100 kW electric motor
    payload is 1-1.75 tons depending on the version, while the overall capacity is 10.7 m3
Guy [I have lots of experience designing/selling off-grid AE systems, some using EVs but don't own one. Local trips are by foot, bike and/or rapid transit].

The 'best' is the enemy of 'good enough'. Copper shot, not Silver bullets.

GRA
Posts: 11957
Joined: Mon Sep 19, 2011 1:49 pm
Location: East side of San Francisco Bay

Re: AFV Truck/Commercial Vehicle and (non-BEV) Bus thread

Fri Feb 14, 2020 5:49 pm

Both GCC:
Irizar e-mobility to supply 14 electric buses to the city of Genoa
https://www.greencarcongress.com/2020/0 ... rizar.html


AMT Genoa (Italy) has acquired 14 10.8m Irizar ie electric buses and associated charging facilities. The Irizar buses will operate around the streets of Genoa from August 2020.

With on-board energy of 350 kWh, these vehicles have a range of 220 km and have 3 doors, 20 seats, 1 driver’s seat, 1 wheelchair/pushchair area and a capacity for 81 passengers. . . .

The vehicles are charged overnight with 9 interoperable chargers with Combo 2 connectors, also developed and manufactured by the Irizar Group.

The bus is powered by a 180 kW motor, with 1,500 N·m of torque. . . .


Irizar Group has invested in the largest photovoltaic solar farm in the Basque Country and the energy generated in this farm supplies the Irizar e-mobility facility, making this the first completely clean energy factory that manufactures electric buses.
Volvo Trucks North America demonstrates pilot electric VNR models; Volvo LIGHTS
https://www.greencarcongress.com/2020/0 ... ights.html

. . . The Volvo LIGHTS project is a collaboration between 15 public and private partners to demonstrate the viability of all-electric freight hauling in high-density traffic and urban areas and represents the project’s innovative and holistic approach to ensuring commercial readiness in all aspects. The Volvo LIGHTS project’s transformative impact on fleet operations is designed to be scalable and replicable to reduce emissions throughout the freight eco-system.

The Volvo LIGHTS project was made possible by an award to South Coast AQMD of $44.8 million from CARB as part of California Climate Investments (CCI). CCI is a statewide initiative that puts billions of Cap-and-Trade dollars to work reducing greenhouse gas emissions, strengthening the economy and improving public health and the environment—particularly in disadvantaged communities.

Volvo Group contributed $36.7 million for the project total of $90 million, and South Coast AQMD contributed $4 million from the Clean Fuels Fund, administers the grant and oversees the Volvo LIGHTS project. . . .

The Volvo VNR Electric project trucks will be put into real-world commercial operations with two of California’s leading freight companies, Dependable Supply Chain Services and NFI. Volvo Trucks engineers and project managers will closely monitor and evaluate the vehicles’ performance, driving cycles, load capacity, uptime, range and other parameters in these real-world applications over the next several months.

The company will take those learnings into the final stages of product development and begin the first phase of serial production and commercial offering of the Volvo VNR Electric in late 2020.

In North America, the Volvo VNR Electric is targeting short- and regional-haul applications such as heavy urban distribution, drayage and other applications where electric trucks will first have the greatest impact. . . .

Volvo LIGHTS project partner TEC Equipment will serve as a fully certified maintenance hub for the Volvo VNR Electric project trucks in the South Coast Air Basin. The dealership group is an established sales and service network that has partnered with local Rio Hondo College and San Bernardino Valley College to create electric vehicle repair and service technician programs to ensure fully trained and skilled technicians to support these new technologies. The company will also lease 15 battery-electric Volvo VNR Electric trucks to interested customers for real-world trials as part of the overall project scope, and offers a critical uptime support team for assistance with parts and service on these new electric vehicles.
Guy [I have lots of experience designing/selling off-grid AE systems, some using EVs but don't own one. Local trips are by foot, bike and/or rapid transit].

The 'best' is the enemy of 'good enough'. Copper shot, not Silver bullets.

GRA
Posts: 11957
Joined: Mon Sep 19, 2011 1:49 pm
Location: East side of San Francisco Bay

Re: AFV Truck/Commercial Vehicle and (non-BEV) Bus thread

Tue Feb 18, 2020 4:45 pm

Both GCC:
Hyundai partners with Yeosu Gwangyang Port Corporation to commercialize hydrogen fuel-cell trucks
https://www.greencarcongress.com/2020/0 ... undai.html


. . . An MOU between the two includes the development and demonstration of hydrogen fuel-cell trucks for logistics transportation and the establishment of a hydrogen fueling station.

The port region is home to petrochemical complexes that produce hydrogen as a byproduct.

The hydrogen fuel-cell trucks will be put into operation for the 320-kilometer (199-mile) round-trip route connecting Gwangyang Port and Busan.

Hyundai plans to introduce two hydrogen trucks for logistics transportation by 2023, and then add 10 more.

Yeosu Gwangyang Port Corporation will provide a site (about 2,000 m2) for the construction of the hydrogen refueling station by 2022.

ASKO deploys two Scania battery-electric distribution trucks in Norway
https://www.greencarcongress.com/2020/0 ... -asko.html

Norwegian wholesaler ASKO is deploying two battery electric Scania distribution trucks in its operations in Oslo, Norway. This pilot marks another milestone in the cooperation regarding electrified solutions for heavy transport between Scania and ASKO. Asko is also piloting the use of hydrogen fuel-cell trucks with Scania. (Earlier post.)

The two trucks that will go into ASKO’s operations have a battery capacity of 165 kWh, giving them a range of 120 km (75 miles), and are charged by 130 kW cable charging. . . .

This project received financial backing from Enova, which is a state enterprise owned by the Ministry of Climate and Environment in Norway. . . .

With GVW of 27 tonnes, the Scania electric trucks feature a 290 kW electric machine/245 kW continuous output and 2,200 Nm peak torque, with a 2-speed transmission.
Guy [I have lots of experience designing/selling off-grid AE systems, some using EVs but don't own one. Local trips are by foot, bike and/or rapid transit].

The 'best' is the enemy of 'good enough'. Copper shot, not Silver bullets.

GRA
Posts: 11957
Joined: Mon Sep 19, 2011 1:49 pm
Location: East side of San Francisco Bay

Re: AFV Truck/Commercial Vehicle and (non-BEV) Bus thread

Thu Feb 20, 2020 5:41 pm

GCC:
Workhorse Group to unveil new C650 electric step van at NTEA Work Truck Show
https://www.greencarcongress.com/2020/0 ... horse.html


Workhorse Group will display its newly-designed C650 all-electric step van at the NTEA Work Truck Show, 4-6 March in Indianapolis, Indiana. The company‘s new C650 and C1000 step vans will are 650 ft3 and 1000 ft3 vehicles both weighing approximately 12,500 lbs (5,670 kg) when fully loaded.

Through a lightweight, composite, monocoque construction method, Workhorse has significantly decreased their vehicles’ curb weights when compared to legacy company models, while still providing the same cargo volume capacity.

Workhorse C Series vehicles are powered by a modular battery pack system, which provides between 35 kilowatt hours (kWh) when equipped with two battery packs and 70 kWh in its standard four pack configuration, empowering customers to choose the right energy requirement for specific duty cycles.

Depending on the size of battery pack installation, range is expected to be between 100 and 150 miles (161 to 241 km) on a single charge, while achieving approximately 53 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (MPGe). . . .
Guy [I have lots of experience designing/selling off-grid AE systems, some using EVs but don't own one. Local trips are by foot, bike and/or rapid transit].

The 'best' is the enemy of 'good enough'. Copper shot, not Silver bullets.

GRA
Posts: 11957
Joined: Mon Sep 19, 2011 1:49 pm
Location: East side of San Francisco Bay

Re: AFV Truck/Commercial Vehicle and (non-BEV) Bus thread

Sat Feb 22, 2020 3:52 pm

GCC:
Plug Power partners with Lightning Systems on hydrogen fuel-cell-powered Class 6 trucks for logistics industry; “middle-mile” solution
https://www.greencarcongress.com/2020/0 ... tning.html

. . . This collaboration enables both companies to offer the first electric, fuel-cell-powered Class 6 trucks (up to 12.5 tons) capable of supporting middle-mile delivery logistics between warehouses and distribution centers.

The electric commercial trucks produced by the partnership will be powered by an integrated hybrid-electric drivetrain consisting of Plug Power’s ProGen fuel cell engines coupled with Lightning Systems’ electric vehicle drivetrain and batteries. . . .

Final production and testing of the new vehicles will be completed at Plug Power’s headquarters in Latham, New York, before they are made commercially available to the public in the third quarter of 2020.

Plug Power and Lightning Systems will deliver both standard and long-range Class 6 trucks through their partnership, taking full advantage of the value that fuel cells offer in commercial fleets where high utilization, long range, fast fueling, and maximization of cargo volume and payload are important.

Plug Power’s ProGen engines provide 90 kW of fuel cell power and utilize the latest generation of the company’s proprietary MEA and metal plate stack technology, which delivers industry-leading power density. The standard vehicle offering includes 20kg of on-board hydrogen storage, delivering average range (for typical route profiles) in excess of 200 miles. An extended range option is also available, effectively doubling the standard average range to 400 miles. . . .
Guy [I have lots of experience designing/selling off-grid AE systems, some using EVs but don't own one. Local trips are by foot, bike and/or rapid transit].

The 'best' is the enemy of 'good enough'. Copper shot, not Silver bullets.

GRA
Posts: 11957
Joined: Mon Sep 19, 2011 1:49 pm
Location: East side of San Francisco Bay

Re: AFV Truck/Commercial Vehicle and (non-BEV) Bus thread

Mon Feb 24, 2020 7:08 pm

GCC:
NACFE to focus on electric trucks in regional haul
https://www.greencarcongress.com/2020/0 ... nacfe.html

The North American Council for Freight Efficiency (NACFE)—a non-profit organization dedicated to doubling the freight efficiency of North American goods movement—has determined that regional trucking operations are well suited to be early adopters of electric trucks. It is also a rather large segment of the market with sufficient scale to have a big impact on the industry.

As a result, NACFE will focus much of its attention on electric trucks in regional haul. Early workstreams include:
  • Identifying high-potential regional trucking routes in concert with changes to freight movement;

    Supporting the implementation of initial and future deployments outside of California;

    Scaling best practices in infrastructure development for fleets and communities; and

    Increasing confidence in the value of electrification.
  • Our research has shown us that regional haul is an important segment of the trucking industry and also one that makes sense for electrification, given its short-haul nature and return-to-base operation.

    We are embarking on a three-year project to gain a better understanding of how commercial battery electric vehicles will best fit into the regional haul market.

    —Mike Roeth, Executive Director, NACFE. . . .
NACFE is being aided in its efforts by funding from Hewlett Foundation, a non-profit, private charitable foundation that advances ideas and supports institutions to promote a better world; and ClimateWorks Foundation, a non-governmental organization that is committed to climate action.
Guy [I have lots of experience designing/selling off-grid AE systems, some using EVs but don't own one. Local trips are by foot, bike and/or rapid transit].

The 'best' is the enemy of 'good enough'. Copper shot, not Silver bullets.

GRA
Posts: 11957
Joined: Mon Sep 19, 2011 1:49 pm
Location: East side of San Francisco Bay

Re: AFV Truck/Commercial Vehicle and (non-BEV) Bus thread

Tue Feb 25, 2020 6:39 pm

GCC:
Terberg introduces new generation of electric terminal tractor; hydrogen fuel-cell version possible
https://www.greencarcongress.com/2020/0 ... rberg.html

The performance of the new electric drive system is comparable with that of diesel engines and the large battery option offers a significantly greater operating range. Additionally, the new battery technology has an extended temperature range and can be used worldwide in both very cold and warm climates.

The first BC202-EV body carrier will be delivered in April 2020 and the new generation YT203-EV terminal tractor will become available at the end of 2020.

With the new technology Terberg delivers significant improvements. Customers can choose from a number of battery capacity combinations so they can select the option best suited to their operations. Applications with high vehicle usage will benefit from the battery with the increased capacity, resulting in a longer range. Customers with operations involving lower vehicle usage and with more opportunities to charge the vehicle during the day can opt for a smaller battery pack, at a lower price.

The new electric drive system has fewer moving parts than a diesel engine and the previous EV generation, resulting in lower maintenance costs. The new EV drive supports regenerative braking, reducing energy consumption. Finally, the vehicles can operate indoors, with zero emissions and a lower noise level, which is particularly relevant for terminal tractors. . . .

The vehicles use DC chargers and can therefore be charged at standard charging stations. The new batteries comply with the ECE-R100 rev. 2 regulation and withstand both very high and very low temperatures. This means the new Terberg YT203-EV can be deployed anywhere in the world.

Additionally, the new charger connector complies with the CCS2.0 automotive standard. This charger technology is also available in the United States. . . .

Terberg developed the new generation electric drive as a multifunctional, modular concept. This makes it easier to adapt the EV-technology to a range of vehicles, such as the new YT203-EV terminal tractor and the BC202-EV body carrier. The design also allows for the use of hydrogen fuel cells in future.

In January 2019, Terberg Special Vehicles and Zepp.solutions unveiled a proof-of-concept hydrogen fuel cell yard tractor. . . .

The bolded part strikes me as unlikely use; I've never seen a yard goat (aka terminal truck) indoors at any of the loading docks I worked as a Teamster, or any need to do so. I suppose there could be room at warehouses located on shipping piers, but most non-bulk freight these days is carried in containers which don't need weather-protected storage, so where's the demand?
Guy [I have lots of experience designing/selling off-grid AE systems, some using EVs but don't own one. Local trips are by foot, bike and/or rapid transit].

The 'best' is the enemy of 'good enough'. Copper shot, not Silver bullets.

GRA
Posts: 11957
Joined: Mon Sep 19, 2011 1:49 pm
Location: East side of San Francisco Bay

Re: AFV Truck/Commercial Vehicle and (non-BEV) Bus thread

Thu Feb 27, 2020 5:36 pm

Both GCC:
Fastenal running electric Freightliner eM2 in LA metro area
https://www.greencarcongress.com/2020/0 ... tenal.html


. . . The venture stems from a collaboration between Penske Truck Leasing and Daimler Trucks North America to test commercial electric trucks in real-world situations and drive future improvements to the technology.

The eM2 began service in the Fastenal fleet in early January, making deliveries of wide-ranging products to 28 Fastenal branches and customer-specific Onsite locations from Los Angeles to coastal Orange County to the Inland Empire.

The eM2 is suited for local transportation of goods as well as for last-mile deliveries—a good fit for Fastenal’s customer-centric distribution model, providing a consistent flow of product from regional hubs, to local markets, and ultimately to customers’ points of use. . . .

Champaign-Urbana orders two New Flyer 60' hydrogen fuel-cell buses
https://www.greencarcongress.com/2020/0 ... 6-mtd.html


The Champaign-Urbana Mass Transit District (MTD) has awarded New Flyer a contract for two hydrogen fuel-cell-electric sixty-foot Xcelsior CHARGE H2 heavy-duty transit buses (for a total of four equivalent units).

MTD is the first in the US to order 60' hydrogen fuel cell buses commercially. The Xcelsior CHARGE H2 is the first sixty-foot fuel cell-electric bus to complete Altoona testing.

The purchase, supported by the Center for Transportation and the Environment. . . .

In July 2019, MTD was awarded a $1.45-million competitive Federal Transit Administration (FTA) grant for the purchase of hydrogen fuel cell electric buses and associated infrastructure.

The Xcelsior CHARGE H2 uses compressed hydrogen as an energy source, as well as an 85 kW Ballard HD85 fuel cell system. The bus has a Siemens 160 kW, 2,400 N·m rear axle drive motor and a ZF electric portal middle axle (ZF/AVE130) with two 125 kW, 11,000 N·m motors.

The fuel cell bus uses a battery-dominant hybrid architecture, in which the batteries are large enough to handle all vehicle performance needs while the fuel cell acts like a continuous battery charger to extend the range of the vehicle.

MTD is the public transportation provider in the Champaign, Urbana, and Savoy regions of Illinois, also serving the University of Illinois. It delivers nearly 12 million rides per year through a full range of mobility services including bus service, ADA paratransit service, rural service, half fare cab, MCORE, the Illinois Terminal, and efforts to encourage walking, biking, and ride sharing.
Guy [I have lots of experience designing/selling off-grid AE systems, some using EVs but don't own one. Local trips are by foot, bike and/or rapid transit].

The 'best' is the enemy of 'good enough'. Copper shot, not Silver bullets.

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