Yet another confirmation of ride-hailing effects, via GCC:
Santiago study finds ride-hailing increases VKT
Researchers from the Universidad de Chile in Santiago, Chile have found that unless ride-hailing applications substantially increase average occupancy rate of trips and become shared or pooled ride-hailing, their overall impact is an increase in vehicle kilometers traveled (VKT)
. Their paper appears in the International Journal of Sustainable Transportation.
The authors used survey results on Uber use by residents of Santiago, Chile, and information from other studies to parameterize a model to determine whether the advent of ride-hailing applications increases or decreases the number of VKT. They used a Monte Carlo simulation for a range of possible parameter values.
Our base scenario indicates that ride-hailing applications have increased VKT. This occurs because many trips made using ride-hailing services come from mass transit or are new trips (induced demand). However, as the occupancy rate of ride-hailing trips increases, the possibility that ride- hailing decreases VKT is higher. If ride-hailing becomes shared or pooled ride-hailing, in more than 50% of our simulated scenarios VKT is reduced if mean occupancy rate is 2.9 pax/veh or higher. Thus, the average occupancy rate among ride-hailing users is a key parameter that determines the impact on VKT.
—Tirachini & Gomez-Lobo. . . .
Guy [I have lots of experience designing/selling off-grid AE systems, some using EVs but don't own one. Local trips are by foot, bike and/or rapid transit].
The 'best' is the enemy of 'good enough'. Copper shot, not Silver bullets.