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GCC: Clean-air plan for San Joaquin Valley first to meet all federal standards for fine particle pollution; $5B in incen

Sat Jan 26, 2019 5:51 pm

Clean-air plan for San Joaquin Valley first to meet all federal standards for fine particle pollution; $5B in incentive funding required
https://www.greencarcongress.com/2019/01/20190125-arbsjv.html

The California Air Resources Board (CARB) has adopted a plan that demonstrates to the US Environmental Protection Agency how the San Joaquin Valley air basin will attain each of four federal standards for fine particulate matter by regulatory deadlines.

Meeting standards for fine particle pollution, or PM2.5, is the San Joaquin Valley’s most critical air quality challenge. The San Joaquin Valley has the worst particulate matter pollution in California—and the worst in the nation for annual federal standards. The newly adopted 2018 Valley PM2.5 Plan is expected to result in significant improvement in air quality by 2024. . . .

Particulate matter, which can be made up of soot, soil, dust and sulfate particles, comes from a variety of sources, but primarily from the burning of carbon-based fuels, such as gasoline, diesel and wood. In the San Joaquin Valley, car and truck emissions make up about half of measured airborne PM2.5, and local sources, such as wood smoke and dust, make up the other half.

Despite progress—existing CARB strategies such as engine and fuels standards have reduced Valley NOx emissions by 60% and Valley Air District programs have reduced PM2.5 emissions by nearly 40%—PM2.5 emissions are expected to rise as the population grows.

Currently, the Valley is designated non-attainment for the following federal health-based standards for PM2.5: the 1997 24-hour (65 micrograms per cubic meter) and annual (15 ug/m3) standards, and the 2006 24-hour (35 ug/m3) and 2012 annual (12 ug/m3) standards. Deadlines for attaining these standards are 2020, 2024 and 2025, respectively. (The 2020 deadline is for both 1997 standards.)

Measures for reducing emissions include:

    New regulations targeting emissions from heavy-duty trucks, including an inspection and maintenance program, a low-NOx engine standard and a low-emission diesel fuel requirement.

    Tightened controls on residential wood-burning stoves and fireplaces, and enhanced incentives for cleaner-burning alternatives.

    Enhanced incentives for purchase of cleaner agricultural equipment and commercial underfired charbroilers.

    A suite of measures to reduce emissions of NOx from flares, including flares at refineries, oil fields and landfills, internal combustion engines and boilers, among other sources.

CARB expects significant benefits from the plan. For example, the city of Fresno is predicted to see a 40% improvement in air quality between 2013 (the base year of the plan) and 2024, when the Valley is expected to attain the 35 ug/m3 standard). The Valley Air District has committed to an aggregate reduction of 1.3 tons per day of directly emitted PM2.5 emissions and 1.9 tons per day of NNOxOx emissions in 2024.
Guy [I have lots of experience designing/selling off-grid AE systems, some using EVs but don't own one. Local trips are by foot, bike and/or rapid transit].

The 'best' is the enemy of 'good enough'. Copper shot, not Silver bullets.

Oilpan4
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Re: GCC: Clean-air plan for San Joaquin Valley first to meet all federal standards for fine particle pollution; $5B in i

Sat Jan 26, 2019 9:45 pm

I wouldn't hold my breath.
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GRA
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Re: GCC: Clean-air plan for San Joaquin Valley first to meet all federal standards for fine particle pollution; $5B in i

Sun Jan 27, 2019 5:48 pm

Oilpan4 wrote:I wouldn't hold my breath.

The people that live there, especially kids, don't have that option, and the Valley has the worst pollution in the state, as well as having a childhood asthma rate of 1 in 6: [url]http://cencalasthma.org/resources/county-level-statistics/[url]

Which is why so much attention is being paid to the area (finally), for cleaning up trucks, school buses, ag equipment, providing EV charging and other measures under the rubric of environmental justice. Cleaning up the air in the S.F. Bay and Sacramento metro areas will also help, as the prevailing winds blow their pollution southeast down the valley. As was previously pointed out to you, topography and climate (along with population and density) have almost everything to do with the severity of air pollution:
2.2.2 Geography and Topography

    California is divided into regional air basins according to topographic air drainage
    features. The SJVAB consists of a continuous intermountain valley
    approximately 250 miles long and averaging 80 miles wide (Figure 2-1). On the
    western edge of the Valley is the Coast Mountain range, with peaks reaching
    5,020 feet, and on the east side is the Sierra Nevada range with some peaks
    exceeding 14,000 feet. The Tehachapi Mountains form the southern boundary of
    the Valley. This mountain range includes peaks over 6,000 feet, and contains
    mountain passes to the Los Angeles basin and the Mojave Desert. The SJVAB
    floor is only open to the north.

    Although marine air generally flows into the basin from the San Joaquin River
    Delta, the region’s topographic features restrict air movement through and out of
    the basin. The Coastal Range hinders wind access into the valley from the west,
    the Tehachapi Mountains prevent southerly passage of airflow, and the high
    Sierra Nevada range forms a significant barrier to the east. Additionally, most of
    the surrounding mountains are above the normal height of summer inversion
    layers (1,500-3,000 feet). These topographic features result in weak airflow.
    The wind pattern produces conditions that result in poor horizontal dispersion of
    pollutants. During high-pressure events over the SJVAB, pollutant dispersal is
    also limited vertically by inversions, as explained in 2.2.3. As a result, the SJVAB
    is highly susceptible to pollutant accumulation over time
    .

    2.2.3 Climate

    Warm, dry summers and cool winters characterize the SJVAB floor. The
    average mean temperature over a thirty-year period is 65°F. High daily
    temperature readings in summer average around 95°F
    . The SJVAB also
    experiences mild winters, where the average daily low temperature is 45°F. In
    general, the SJVAB averages 106 days a year with 90°F or hotter, and 40 days a
    year with 100°F or hotter
    . The daily summer temperature variation can be as
    high as 30°F. The SJVAB has an “inland Mediterranean” climate that averages
    over 260 sunny days per year, primarily because semi-permanent high pressure
    systems establish themselves over the SJVAB and deflect low-pressure systems
    that might otherwise bring rain and winds.
https://www.valleyair.org/Air_Quality_Plans/docs/AQ_Ozone_2004_Adopted/Chapter2-ARBFinal.pdf
Guy [I have lots of experience designing/selling off-grid AE systems, some using EVs but don't own one. Local trips are by foot, bike and/or rapid transit].

The 'best' is the enemy of 'good enough'. Copper shot, not Silver bullets.

Oilpan4
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Re: GCC: Clean-air plan for San Joaquin Valley first to meet all federal standards for fine particle pollution; $5B in i

Sun Jan 27, 2019 6:06 pm

If they can fix it that would be great.
I hope it works.
I was there (LA) in 2004 or 2005 and the news said the air pollution was worse than it had been in years. I would have rather been back in Afghanistan down wind of the burn pits.
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webeleafowners
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Re: GCC: Clean-air plan for San Joaquin Valley first to meet all federal standards for fine particle pollution; $5B in i

Sun Jan 27, 2019 9:07 pm

We descended off the grape vine this afternoon. We were stunned at the thickness of the smog. Our eyes and throat were soar within 20 minutes. Tonight we are in Harris Ranch and it is a little better. We have seen much of the world but this level of pollution compares to some of the worst in the world. Glad we are driving thru. I would never live in such an area.
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SageBrush
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Re: GCC: Clean-air plan for San Joaquin Valley first to meet all federal standards for fine particle pollution; $5B in i

Mon Jan 28, 2019 4:13 am

It sounds like they are heading in the right direction, targeting the diesel engines and stoves that produce the majority of the pollution. Kind of amazing that CA let the diesels and stoves pollute so heavily until now. They should be held to a performance standard of SULEV and NG emissions, respectively.

As for the increase in dust, it is related to drought, itself related to AGW.
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Bought off-lease Jan 2017 from N. California
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03/2018: 58 Ahr, 28k miles
11/2018: 56.16 Ahr, 30k miles
-----
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Oilpan4
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Re: GCC: Clean-air plan for San Joaquin Valley first to meet all federal standards for fine particle pollution; $5B in i

Thu Jan 31, 2019 5:30 am

I saw a study from the American Heart and lung association saying that places with elevated M2.5 particle matter have increased levels of stroke and shorter life expectancy.

Poster number WMP57

From what I remember from my biological weapons training said that M2.5 is the perfect particle size to weaponize a bio agent.
M1 size you breath it in and back out, anything much bigger than M3 your body's defenses can stop a lot of it.
Not only does M2.5 blow right through your body's natural defenses, it tends to stay in you, it can actually get into your blood stream through lungs and mucus membranes.
So if you inhale say weaponized anthrax or dirt, it's not only in your lungs, it can go anywhere in your body, then if it's a bio agent it will become re-animated and bad things happen. I saw the pictures, trust me you don't want to see the pictures.
2011 white SL leaf with 2014 batt.
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iPlug
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Re: GCC: Clean-air plan for San Joaquin Valley first to meet all federal standards for fine particle pollution; $5B in i

Thu Jan 31, 2019 7:20 am

Oilpan4 wrote:If they can fix it that would be great.
I hope it works.
I was there (LA) in 2004 or 2005 and the news said the air pollution was worse than it had been in years.

As was already shown to you, the air in Los Angeles was markedly better in 2004 and 2005 than it had been in the prior decades. Please do not repeat this misinformation when you know it is not correct. Go back and study the figures on page 7 of the thread "ABG: U.S. carbon emissions spike in 2018 after years of falling". If you like, you can have the article link as well.

Oilpan4 wrote: I would have rather been back in Afghanistan down wind of the burn pits.

That would be a poor choice. The air quality around Kabul was typically worse than the worst big cities in India and China. Even a bit further away, around the burn pits in Bagram where you may have been stationed, PM2.5 and PM10 constantly averaged in the unhealthy range and was substantially worse than Los Angeles.
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GRA
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Re: GCC: Clean-air plan for San Joaquin Valley first to meet all federal standards for fine particle pollution; $5B in i

Thu Jan 31, 2019 4:05 pm

Oilpan4 wrote:I saw a study from the American Heart and lung association saying that places with elevated M2.5 particle matter have increased levels of stroke and shorter life expectancy. <snip>

There's any number of studies, including the one you mention, pointing out the risks of PM 2.5 for various illnesses/conditions. Here's a place where you can find many of them gathered together: https://www.greencarcongress.com/health/
Guy [I have lots of experience designing/selling off-grid AE systems, some using EVs but don't own one. Local trips are by foot, bike and/or rapid transit].

The 'best' is the enemy of 'good enough'. Copper shot, not Silver bullets.

GRA
Posts: 10375
Joined: Mon Sep 19, 2011 1:49 pm
Location: East side of San Francisco Bay

Re: GCC: Clean-air plan for San Joaquin Valley first to meet all federal standards for fine particle pollution; $5B in i

Tue Feb 05, 2019 7:12 pm

I'd normally put this is the AFV commercial vehicle topic, but as it's an indication of the steps CARB is taking to clean up the Central Valley's air, decided to put it here. GCC:
Motiv Power Systems delivering 7 electric walk-in vans to USPS as part of CARB program; deployment in Central Valley
https://www.greencarcongress.com/2019/02/20190205-motiv.html

The pilot program of seven Motiv-powered vans is slated for deployment in California’s Central Valley. The first vehicle now serves routes in Fresno with the balance of the vehicles to be deployed in Fresno and Stockton as part of a year-long program. Most of the immediate project benefits will accrue in the San Joaquin Valley, an economically disadvantaged area with some of the highest pollution burdens in the country, as evidenced by CalEnviroScreen scores within the worst five percent in the state.

Motiv’s electric step vans have a range of up to 90 miles with a top speed of 60 mph; battery packs are available in 106 kWh or 127 kWh configurations. . . .

The USPS’ acquisition of the Motiv chassis-powered vans was developed as a partnership by CALSTART and the San Joaquin Clean Transportation Center and funded through a California Air Resources Board (CARB) award to the San Joaquin Air Quality Control. It represents a historic project. The funds are meant to provide an incentive to Californian fleets to adopt the cleanest emerging technologies and continue to advance California's Air Quality and Climate goals.

The USPS’ acquisition of the vans was made possible by the California Climate Investments, a statewide program that puts billions of cap-and-trade dollars to work reducing greenhouse gas emissions, strengthening the economy and improving public health and the environment, particularly in disadvantaged communities. The cap-and-trade program also creates a financial incentive for industries to invest in clean technologies and develop innovative ways to reduce pollution. California Climate Investment projects include affordable housing, renewable energy, public transportation, zero-emission vehicles, environmental restoration, more sustainable agriculture, recycling and much more. At least 35% of these investments are made in disadvantaged and low-income communities. . . .
Guy [I have lots of experience designing/selling off-grid AE systems, some using EVs but don't own one. Local trips are by foot, bike and/or rapid transit].

The 'best' is the enemy of 'good enough'. Copper shot, not Silver bullets.

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